In all geologic time, the responsibilities are on our generation ... including you ...

5 Products and Services from Asteroidal and Lunar Materials -- Per-Man-Enterprizes

In this competitive world, whoever develops these products and services first will have an enormous lead over the competition and be well positioned for the forseeable future. New blue chip companies and billionaires are certain to emerge in this new frontier.

A list of potential products and services, in rough order from near term to long term, made from asteroidal and/or lunar materials, follows.

Table of Contents:

5.1 Prerequisites for a product to be made from asteroidal and/or lunar material

5.2 Fuel propellants

A giant comsat platform constructed in-orbit mostly from asteroidal and lunar materials

Medium-sized, next-generation, "large" communications satellite platform. The beams of the platforms, the large antennas, bulk radiation shielding (not pictured), and fuel propellants for stationkeeping could come from asteroidal and/or lunar materials. Eventually, the solar cell power plant and heat radiators, too. In any case, who can compete with services from this? Not Teledesic or Iridium. It will make a lot of competitors obsolete, so if you can't beat us, join us.

Artist: David Egge. Copyright owner: Gary C. Hudson (Hudson Engineering, Menlo Park, CA); used in his newsletter "The Commercial Space Report". This is an illustration of an orbital antenna farm as proposed by the Director of COMSAT Labs, Burt Edelson.

PERMANENT has a commentary article on the next generation communications satellites entitled The Next Space Race -- by Multinationals

5.3 Communications satellites platforms and antennas -- bigger is better when it comes to antennas, power sources and platforms

5.4 Emergency rescue or repair services for communications satellites

5.5 Shielding - from solar and cosmic radiation, orbital debris and micrometeors, thermal shielding of the cold -- for all kinds of space facilities and satellites (under construction)

5.6 Construction materials for walls, beams, other structural members (under construction)

5.7 Solar ovens for industrial facilities (under construction)

5.8 "Silicon Orbit"; -- faster computer chips in the competitive markets on Earth (under construction)

5.9 Precious metals from asteroids (under construction)

5.10 Aerobrake heat shields for returning heavy cargoes to Earth (under construction)

5.11 Electric power systems in space, and solar cell semiconductors (under construction)

Solar Power Satellite or SPS

Solar Power Satellite (SPS) - producing electricity in orbit from the sun, and radio-beaming it to power plants on Earth. Located in geostationary orbit above Earth.

Source: SSI (Space Studies Institute), SSI website at

Receiving antenna (rectenna) on Earth

A receiving antenna (rectenna) on Earth converts the SPS radio beam into electricity for wiring to homes, offices, factories, etc., by regular power lines. The microwave radio beam is safe, with crops and livestock underneath it, and safe to birds and airplanes.

Source: Boeing Company, artist Jack Olson, produced with the support of NASA and US Dept. of Energy sponsored studies of SPS.

5.12 Energy from space for Earth economies: Solar Power Satellites (SPS)

5.13 Biotechnology

5.14 Space Tourism

5.15 Giant telescopes (radio, optical) for scientific study (including SETI or Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence of revolutionary capabilities

5.16 Re-using rockets' spent fuel tanks in orbit (not a product from asteroidal or lunar material, but applicable to such missions)

5.17 General benefits to Earth peoples, and world issues

SPS being built from asteroidal materials

Solar Power Satellite being produced from asteroidal materials. More than 99% of the mass of SPSs can be readily produced from asteroidal materials in the mid-term. (In reality, the asteroid would be bagged, not exposed, in order to prevent dirt from creating orbital debris.)

Source: SSI (Space Studies Institute), SSI website at

For PERMANENT information on some companies, organizations and individuals who are looking into missions related to utilization of asteroidal and/or lunar materials, see the PERMANENT Mission Plans and Concepts section 8.

Roadmap to related topics:

Chapter 6: (XR) Space colonies for corporate communities > Products and Services

Additional, children pages of this current parent page:

Products and Services :
  Fuel and Propellants
  Satellite Refuel, Repair, Service
  Satellite Platforms
  Radiation Shielding (UC)
  Large Structures (UC)
  Silicon Orbit (UC)
  Precious Metals (UC)
  Aerobraking Shields (UC)
  Space-to-Space Power (UC)
  Space to Earth Power - PowerSats
    PowerSat Concept
    Earth Power Station Comparisons
    Environmental Issues
      Non-Beam Issues
      Beam Effects
    Technical Issues
    Links to Other Websites
  Safer Biotech and Nanotech Labs
  Recycling Earth Rocket Fuel Tanks
  General Earth Benefits


PERMANENT needs a PHP / MySQL (actually, MariaDB) programmer. Are you a PHP / MySQL programmer interested in getting into space development as a career, or already working in space development? Or do you know somebody else who might be interested?

There is an ongoing process to update this website in 2019 with a target relaunch in 2020.
This website is actually very out of date. Much of the website text content was written in the 1980s to early 2000s, but that's a different matter. As regards PHP / MySQL, some offline databases go into the 2010s, as regards professional publications, engineers, companies, etc., and this is what we need programming help with. We are updating our databases on people, organizations, publications, and other things, for open source space development for all.

The current status is we have some working databases which we have been using internally for a long time for organizing professional publications, and to track people (authors, R&D people, other professionals, quality volunteers, journalists, etc.) and organizations. We want to put information online for the general public pending a security review of the programming code.

Step 1 is fixing some bugs in what we already have, the PHP code. It is functional, and been used a long time, but there are some bugs.
Step 2 will be improving the system. Some small improvements would help its usability.
Step 3 will be a security check for putting it online for the general public to be able to access and use, but with reasonable protection against hackers.
After Step 3, the main mission is accomplished, as regards PHP / MySQL, though of course we hope to keep people engaged and happy, and the sky's not the limit.

This is a volunteer, unpaid role at this point in time. A limited paid role would be considered on a tight budget, such as for at least bug fixing with some minor improvements, and/or a security review of our code before it goes online publicly. If you or one of your friends or associates may be interested, please send an email to spaceprogrammer at ... of course this domain.

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