In all geologic time, the responsibilities are on our generation ... including you ...

2 Lunar Materials Utilization

Apollo 15Lunar base

LEFT: Apollo 15 lander & launcher rockets, moon buggy, and astronaut more than 30 years ago
RIGHT: NASA artist's depiction of a future lunar base

Table of Contents:

2.1 Overview of lunar materials and their utilization

2.2 The origin and composition of the moon

2.3 Mining the surface

2.4 Lunar bases

2.5 History of lunar probes

2.6 Others' webpages on lunar materials and utilization

Lunar materials utilization is addressed in official circles and websites more than asteroidal materials utilization, largely because there is support within NASA for a "Return to the Moon" mission as a steppingstone to Mars. PERMANENT first tries to fill in the gaps that other WWW sites don't address. Usually, this also means presenting a private sector (profitable) scenario rather than a government bureaucracy (taxpayer) scenario.

Docking in lunar orbit, 1969Lunar oxygen being delivered to orbit

LEFT: Apollo 11 lunar lander about to dock with orbiter in lunar orbit in 1969. NASA photo.
RIGHT: Delivery of lunar oxygen (LunOx) to a space station in lunar orbit. NASA artwork by Mike Carroll.

Roadmap to related topics:

Chapter 3:(XR) Transportation of asteroidal materials

Chapter 4:(XR) Industrial processing and manufacturing with asteroidal materials

Chapter 5:(XR) Space products and services from asteroidal materials > Lunar Resources (Mining The Moon)

Additional, children pages of this current parent page:

Lunar Resources (Mining The Moon) :
  Overview of Lunar Resources
  Origin and Composition
    Geology, Highlands vs. Lowlands
    Apollo and Luna Samples
    Major Minerals
    Polar Water and Volatiles
    Non-Polar Volatiles
    Powdery Texture
  Mining Lunar Resources
  Bases on the Moon
  Lunar Probes, History and Future
    Clementine 1
    Lunar Prospector
    SMART 1 (Europe)
    Chang-e 1 (China)
    SELENE (Japan)
    Chadrayaan 1
    LRO and LCROSS
    Chang-e 2 (China)
    Chang-e 3 lander (China)
    Chandrayaan 2
    Russian Luna 25-29, 2015-2020
  Links, Lunar


PERMANENT needs a PHP / MySQL (actually, MariaDB) programmer. Are you a PHP / MySQL programmer interested in getting into space development as a career, or already working in space development? Or do you know somebody else who might be interested?

There is an ongoing process to update this website in 2019 with a target relaunch in 2020.
This website is actually very out of date. Much of the website text content was written in the 1980s to early 2000s, but that's a different matter. As regards PHP / MySQL, some offline databases go into the 2010s, as regards professional publications, engineers, companies, etc., and this is what we need programming help with. We are updating our databases on people, organizations, publications, and other things, for open source space development for all.

The current status is we have some working databases which we have been using internally for a long time for organizing professional publications, and to track people (authors, R&D people, other professionals, quality volunteers, journalists, etc.) and organizations. We want to put information online for the general public pending a security review of the programming code.

Step 1 is fixing some bugs in what we already have, the PHP code. It is functional, and been used a long time, but there are some bugs.
Step 2 will be improving the system. Some small improvements would help its usability.
Step 3 will be a security check for putting it online for the general public to be able to access and use, but with reasonable protection against hackers.
After Step 3, the main mission is accomplished, as regards PHP / MySQL, though of course we hope to keep people engaged and happy, and the sky's not the limit.

This is a volunteer, unpaid role at this point in time. A limited paid role would be considered on a tight budget, such as for at least bug fixing with some minor improvements, and/or a security review of our code before it goes online publicly. If you or one of your friends or associates may be interested, please send an email to spaceprogrammer at ... of course this domain.

Reasons to do something yourself:

  • It will help save life on our special planet -- be part of the solution in your generation.
  • It will create and secure a better future for your children and grandchildren.
  • It could be an interesting, cool, and a fun adventure for your life!

You can join us and volunteer to help out,

... or ...

If you're short on time, you can just donate:

The Permanent Space Development Foundation, Inc., is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.
If you would like to make a quick donation to our humanistic cause,
then please click on one of the buttons below (which go to PayPal).

... or by cryptocurrency (which is NOT tax deductible), you can donate into any of these wallets:





... or ...

Suggest this website to other people and organizations.

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If you are interested in hiring our expertise, anywhere in the world, please contact us.
We have people in the USA and Thailand, and can travel or consult by internet.
You can call anytime, 24/7, at +66-8-1135-7977

Text by Mark Prado, Copyright © 1983-2021, All Rights Reserved.
Many website artistic design elements by Sam Fraser, Copyright © 1999-2021, All Rights Reserved.

Except where specifically stated otherwise,
Copyright © 1983-2021 by Mark Evan Prado, All Rights Reserved


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