In all geologic time, the responsibilities are on our generation ... including you ...

Earth Launch of Humans

There are many cargo launchers in this world from various countries, but not many human launchers. It would digress from the focus of this website to cover all cargo launch. However, space colonization will require launch of humans.

This page will focus on launch of people.

At the moment of this writing, in 2012, only the Russians and Chinese have the capability to launch humans into orbit, after the Space Shuttle was retired.

NASA is encouraging the development of private sector human launch for US based companies.

There are enough wealthy people in this world that it could be that the all-too-human desire for selfish "space tourism" makes a difference in the promotion of space colonization, one way or another. While commercial utilization of space resources will create a demand for worker colonies, and there may be other motivations as well, it may turn out that space tourism or space settlers as consumers contribute to space colonization.

However, where will space tourists go? If they want to live in space for a long time, then we will need a lot of radiation shielding, farms, water, and other supplies, which is best provided from asteroids near Earth and the Moon, not expensively launched up from Earth, but that is the topic of another main section of this website on space colonies and habitats.

Here, we will focus on Earth launch of humans.

There is no need to "wait" for a new Earth launcher to lower the cost or increase capacity or provide any special needs for space resources, for either cargo or humans. There are no vital dependencies on new launchers.

We could open up space resources with existing Russian human launch, or even Chinese and upcoming American launch. (As of the time of this writing, in late 2011, the Space Shuttle has been retired and the US has no other domestic human launch capability.)

Many Earth launch enterprises self-promote themselves as necessary for so many new things in space, but in reality they usually are not "necessary" and they are just offering to marginally reduce costs or add some new features. They usually present very interesting new potential value, but people saying they are "necessary" are overselling.

While Earth launch is expensive, it is not what stops us from developing space resources. In fact, the cost of launch is a small part of the overall cost, and there are countless much larger projects on Earth such as offshore oil platforms, large real estate projects, and other things which cost much more than space resources would. There are countless extremely wealthy people who could fund space resources all on their own.

Talk aside, organizations and individuals are simply not choosing to commit a philanthropic investment in space resources, though they are investing in space tourism.

Nevertheless, this page will cover some of the relevant Earth launch companies, but mainly by links to their websites and to third party websites covering Earth launch.

There are already many websites which cover Earth launch, a very popular topic due to both people interested in space tourism ("I want to go" ...) and a far bigger group interested in commercial launches, both of which usually have little if any mention of lunar and asteroidal resources. On the PERMANENT website, we focus on space resources, not Earth launch, so we do not reinvent the wheel in discussing what so may other websites cover, whereby discussion of Earth launch here is limited to how it relates to lunar and asteroidal resources.

NASA Commercial Crew Development (CCDev) Program

With the retirement of the Space Shuttle, NASA had no more capability to launch humans into space. However, NASA had been turning to the private sector to develop human launch capability, which would lead to the first private sector launching of people ever. This program is called the Commercial Crew Development (CCDev) program.

The following space launch companies and contractors are participating and competing in the Commercial Crew Development program: > Transportation > Earth Launchers

Additional, children pages of this current parent page:

Earth Launchers :
  Russian Soyuz Manned
  Chinese Shenzhou
  SpaceX, Falcon, Elon Musk
  United Space Alliance
  Stratolaunch, Paul Allen, Burt Rutan
  Blue Origin, Jeff Bezos


PERMANENT needs a PHP / MySQL (actually, MariaDB) programmer. Are you a PHP / MySQL programmer interested in getting into space development as a career, or already working in space development? Or do you know somebody else who might be interested?

There is an ongoing process to update this website in 2019 with a target relaunch in 2020.
This website is actually very out of date. Much of the website text content was written in the 1980s to early 2000s, but that's a different matter. As regards PHP / MySQL, some offline databases go into the 2010s, as regards professional publications, engineers, companies, etc., and this is what we need programming help with. We are updating our databases on people, organizations, publications, and other things, for open source space development for all.

The current status is we have some working databases which we have been using internally for a long time for organizing professional publications, and to track people (authors, R&D people, other professionals, quality volunteers, journalists, etc.) and organizations. We want to put information online for the general public pending a security review of the programming code.

Step 1 is fixing some bugs in what we already have, the PHP code. It is functional, and been used a long time, but there are some bugs.
Step 2 will be improving the system. Some small improvements would help its usability.
Step 3 will be a security check for putting it online for the general public to be able to access and use, but with reasonable protection against hackers.
After Step 3, the main mission is accomplished, as regards PHP / MySQL, though of course we hope to keep people engaged and happy, and the sky's not the limit.

This is a volunteer, unpaid role at this point in time. A limited paid role would be considered on a tight budget, such as for at least bug fixing with some minor improvements, and/or a security review of our code before it goes online publicly. If you or one of your friends or associates may be interested, please send an email to spaceprogrammer at ... of course this domain.

Reasons to do something yourself:

  • It will help save life on our special planet -- be part of the solution in your generation.
  • It will create and secure a better future for your children and grandchildren.
  • It could be an interesting, cool, and a fun adventure for your life!

You can join us and volunteer to help out,

... or ...

If you're short on time, you can just donate:

The Permanent Space Development Foundation, Inc., is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.
If you would like to make a quick donation to our humanistic cause,
then please click on one of the buttons below (which go to PayPal).

... or by cryptocurrency (which is NOT tax deductible), you can donate into any of these wallets:





... or ...

Suggest this website to other people and organizations.

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For general or specific e-mail regarding PERMANENT, please use our Feedback page.

Leave information about yourself in our people, companies, and organizations database.

If you are interested in hiring our expertise, anywhere in the world, please contact us.
We have people in the USA and Thailand, and can travel or consult by internet.
You can call anytime, 24/7, at +66-8-1135-7977

Text by Mark Prado, Copyright © 1983-2021, All Rights Reserved.
Many website artistic design elements by Sam Fraser, Copyright © 1999-2021, All Rights Reserved.

Except where specifically stated otherwise,
Copyright © 1983-2021 by Mark Evan Prado, All Rights Reserved


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