§ 5.13: PERMANENT and Biotechnology
It is well established that zero gravity enables or makes much easier the sensitive processes for separating biological molecules. Many of the biological payloads flown into space and returned to Earth were for this purpose. Zero gravity prevents settling so that more sensitive forces can operate. Also, zero gravity prevents convection currents which stir materials.
The most common separation process is electrophoresis, also usable in outer space for nonbiological applications as well. Many biotechnology electrophoresis experiments and production processes have been performed and continue to be performed on the US Space Shuttle.
Other benefits are safety and sample contamination issues. A facility in space is isolated from Earth and thus there are fewer ways that experiments and production can be contaminated. In the other direction, dangerous substances probably cannot enter the Earth's biosphere.
The latter issue is becoming increasingly vital. As biotechnology advances and we become more capable of treating human diseases, we also become more capable of creating a substance that could escape the laboratory and inflict heavy casualties among the general population. For example, what would happen if experiments using the AIDS virus accidentally produced a strain that spread as easily and quickly as the common cold? There will come a time when potentially dangerous biotechnology experiments should be banned from Earth and moved into outer space.
The main economic benefit of using asteroidal and lunar materials is making the facility to be used for biotechnology experiments and production -- the structure and fitouts, the power plant, the radiation shielding, and the orbit maintenance fuel. The biological materials would be launched up from Earth (except, perhaps, if they're plant-derived, and then we can use asteroidal or lunar dirt for growing them).
Another substantial economic benefit is that the material can be returned to Earth without spending any money launching a vehicle up to rendezvous with the space station. Simple re-entry vehicles can be made from nonterrestrial materials, e.g., sintered asteroidal or lunar minerals, or manufactured ceramics, and sent on their way using asteroidal fuels. Alternatively, the material can be braked to zero velocity in orbit using asteroidal fuels or, if they're strong materials, an electromagnetic launcher can perform this role using only electricity. By the zero velocity route, we avoid more than 90% of the heat of re-entry. Indeed, with cheap enough fuel from asteroids, we could soft-land or parachute ballistic payloads using recycled rocket engines used to boost satellites into orbit. Just retrieve them, refuel them, and send them the other way.
PERMANENT.com > Products and Services > Safer Biotech and Nanotech Labs
PERMANENT needs a PHP / MySQL (actually, MariaDB) programmer. Are you a PHP / MySQL programmer interested in getting into space development as a career, or already working in space development? Or do you know somebody else who might be interested?
There is an ongoing process to update this website in 2019 with a target relaunch in 2020.
This website is actually very out of date. Much of the website text content was written in the 1980s to early 2000s, but that's a different matter. As regards PHP / MySQL, some offline databases go into the 2010s, as regards professional publications, engineers, companies, etc., and this is what we need programming help with. We are updating our databases on people, organizations, publications, and other things, for open source space development for all.
The current status is we have some working databases which we have been using internally for a long time for organizing professional publications, and to track people (authors, R&D people, other professionals, quality volunteers, journalists, etc.) and organizations. We want to put information online for the general public pending a security review of the programming code.
Step 1 is fixing some bugs in what we already have, the PHP code. It is functional, and been used a long time, but there are some bugs.
Step 2 will be improving the system. Some small improvements would help its usability.
Step 3 will be a security check for putting it online for the general public to be able to access and use, but with reasonable protection against hackers.
After Step 3, the main mission is accomplished, as regards PHP / MySQL, though of course we hope to keep people engaged and happy, and the sky's not the limit.
This is a volunteer, unpaid role at this point in time. A limited paid role would be considered on a tight budget, such as for at least bug fixing with some minor improvements, and/or a security review of our code before it goes online publicly. If you or one of your friends or associates may be interested, please send an email to spaceprogrammer at ... of course this domain.
Reasons to do something yourself:
- It will help save life on our special planet -- be part of the solution in your generation.
- It will create and secure a better future for your children and grandchildren.
- It could be an interesting, cool, and a fun adventure for your life!
You can join us and volunteer to help out,
... or ...
If you're short on time, you can just donate:
The Permanent Space Development Foundation, Inc., is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.
If you would like to make a quick donation to our humanistic cause,
then please click on one of the buttons below (which go to PayPal).
... or by cryptocurrency (which is NOT tax deductible), you can donate into any of these wallets:
... or ...
Suggest this website to other people and organizations.
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For general or specific e-mail regarding PERMANENT, please use our Feedback page.
Leave information about yourself in our people, companies, and organizations database.
If you are interested in hiring our expertise, anywhere in the world, please contact us.
We have people in the USA and Thailand, and can travel or consult by internet.
You can call anytime, 24/7, at +66-8-1135-7977
Text by Mark Prado, Copyright © 1983-2021, All Rights Reserved.
Many website artistic design elements by Sam Fraser, Copyright © 1999-2021, All Rights Reserved.
Except where specifically stated otherwise,
Copyright © 1983-2021 by Mark Evan Prado, All Rights Reserved
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