SMART-1 Lunar Probe by Europe (ESA)
The SMART-1 probe, Small Missions for Advanced Research in Technology-1, was designed and built in Sweden, with the support of the European Space Agency (ESA), and launched in 2003. SMART-1 was small indeed, only about one meter in size. It was launched on the same rocket as two geostationary satellites so that is started in a high parking orbit. Only about 25% of its mass was propellant because it used a solar powered electric ion drive engine for propulsion.
After slowly spiraling up in Earth orbit, after about one year and two months, SMART-1 passed thru the L-1 Lagrangian Libration Point, which essentially put it into a high lunar orbit, though it was about a year and a half later before it attained its final working orbit of 3000 to 300 km above the Moon.
SMART-1 performed basic mineral spectroscopy of the Moon and mapping to about 80 meters resolution.
In 2006, almost exactly three years after the mission was launched, it was intentionally crashed onto the Moon, making Sweden the third country to have a probe make its presence on the Moon.
PERMANENT.com > Lunar Resources (Mining The Moon) > Probes, History and Future > SMART 1 (Europe)
Reasons to do something yourself:
- It will help save life on our special planet -- be part of the solution in your generation.
- It will create and secure a better future for your children and grandchildren.
- It could be an interesting, cool, and a fun adventure for your life!
You can join us and volunteer to help out,
... or ...
If you're short on time, you can just donate:
The Permanent Space Development Foundation, Inc., is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.
If you would like to make a quick donation to our humanistic cause,
then please click on one of the buttons below (which go to PayPal).
... or by cryptocurrency (which is NOT tax deductible), you can donate into any of these wallets:
... or ...
Suggest this website to other people and organizations.
To get updates on PERMANENT (occasional, not frequent), get on our mailing list.
For general or specific e-mail regarding PERMANENT, please use our Feedback page.
Leave information about yourself in our people, companies, and organizations database.
If you are interested in hiring our expertise, anywhere in the world, please contact us.
We have people in the USA and Thailand, and can travel or consult by internet.
You can call anytime, 24/7, at +66-8-1135-7977
Text by Mark Prado, Copyright © 1983-2018, All Rights Reserved.
Many website artistic design elements by Sam Fraser, Copyright © 1999-2018, All Rights Reserved.
Except where specifically stated otherwise,
Copyright © 1983-2018 by Mark Evan Prado, All Rights Reserved
P rojects to E mploy R esources of the M oon and
A steroids N ear E arth in the N ear T erm
please see our
For PCs, this righthand
side has a floating menu,
but if your tablet
or your PCs web browser
do not run
then you must
-- navigate --
using the Site Map above.