Chinese Shenzhou Manned Spacecraft
The Chinese space agency began a serious manned space program in the 1990s, resulting in the Shenzhou spacecraft, modeled after the Russian Soyuz but larger and homemade.
The first unmanned test launch was in 1999, and after a few tests, the first manned flight was in 2003, which orbited 14 times and returned its "taikonaut" after 14 orbits.
In 2005, two taikonauts were launched in the same capsule, and in 2008, three taikonauts were launched together, with two of them taking a spacewalk.
As of 2012, there have been 8 launches, which is 3 manned and 5 unmanned, all successful.
The China National Space Agency (CNSA) also launched its Tiangong-1 space station in 2011, followed by an unmanned automated docking by a Shenzhou.
The Shenzhou launches on a Long March 2F rocket.
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